2. Support your mahi (Kohikohi)


In this section there are tools and resources you and your teams might use while working together in kohikohi. These tools and resources may help you think about the different ways in which you can gather information to understand the strengths and needs of a cluster, school or group, as well as individual ākonga.

You may want to encourage teams to think “outside the box” to consider what sources of information could be gathered and from what perspectives.

Deciding on tools and methods for kohikohi

Reliability, validity and fairness

When you and your teams make decisions about information gathering tools for particular education settings, groups of ākonga and individual ākonga, you may consider the reliability, validity and fairness of the tools.

When considering how reliable, valid and fair tools are you could ask yourself:

  • How is the information gathering process including the diverse perspectives within our education community? 
  • How are the methods and tools we use reflecting this diversity and uniqueness?
  • How are the assessment and information gathering tools we are using culturally enhancing? 

Read more about reliability and validity on Assessment Online.


Read more about this on the The Education Hub.

Assessment for Learning

This guide focuses on informal assessment for learning in the classroom to inform teaching and learning, including selecting appropriate tools for equitable outcomes for all ākonga.

It can support you and your teams to review assessment policies and procedures and can be used for ongoing review.

You can use this guide to: 

  • lead conversations with staff; 

  • to review local assessment practices; 

  • decide which assessment practices are working well and which can be improved.

Read more about Assessment for learning: Using the right tools and resources to notice and respond to progress across the curriculum.


Download the full PDF

Tools to support information gathering for clusters, whole school   

Effective self-review processes ensure there is a systematic approach to improving the school’s learning environment and maximising students' learning opportunities. - Education Leaders

Read more about the components of ongoing self review on Educational Leaders.

Self review tools

The following learning and wellbeing self review tools are designed to be used in whole schools/clusters or with individual/groups of teachers.

Self review tools can support you and your teams to gather varied perspectives and identify the strengths and needs within learning environments. This will help with planning universal and targeted supports to enhance the presence, participation, progress and wellbeing of all ākonga. 


The Wellbeing@School toolkit is designed to support primary, intermediate and secondary schools to engage in a review process.

The W@S self review tools explore how different layers of school life contribute to creating a safe and caring climate that deters bullying.


About the Wellbeing@School Toolkit | Wellbeing@School

Inclusive Practices Toolkit

The Inclusive Practices Toolkit is designed to support primary, intermediate and secondary schools to engage in a review process.

The aim of the review process is to support schools to engage in an ongoing journey towards building inclusive practices for all learners (including learners with extra support needs).

Inclusive Practices Toolkit | Wellbeing@School

Self-review involves deliberate and on-going professional and organisational learning. It uses evidence to find out what is working well, so it can be sustained, and to identify and address any school-based conditions, beliefs, and practices that are limiting student learning. - Inclusive Practices and the School Curriculum

Inclusive practices

This facilitation module 'How can schools understand where they are at?' is part of the suite of resources on Curriculum Online.

This module can be used with teams in schools to review their inclusive practices. It outlines four approaches for self-review and encourages teams to select what best supports their school’s approach to inquiry and purpose for reviewing inclusive practice.

See more of the resources on Inclusive Practice and the School Curriculum.