4. Strengthen your understanding (Tātai)

Practising in an inclusive way includes actively removing barriers and respectfully challenging unhelpful beliefs. Inclusive beliefs and practices enable mokopuna to actively contribute and belong within their learning environments. - He Pikorua

Integrated Tiered Support Model

Planning for identified needs and addressing barriers to learning and wellbeing.

This integrated tiered support model provides a framework for planning supports which increase in intensity, depending on the needs of ākonga and the learning context.  Planning effectively within this model means making connections and links between the tiers rather than seeing them as separate and unrelated. 

Support starts at a whole-school/cluster level. Universal (Tier 1) practices and systems are designed to meet the needs of all ākonga, whānau and kaiako, implemented across all settings. The model recognises that to impact positively on presence, participation, learning and wellbeing of ākonga, high quality, culturally-responsive educational experiences are needed, and for most ākonga this will be enough.

In some instances, additional, more focussed and targeted (Tier 2) supports will be needed for ākonga to progress. These supports could be around a context, a part of the curriculum, a group of ākonga, kaiako and/or whānau. These supports are building on effective, universal practices within the setting.

Sometimes more tailored (Tier 3) support may be needed, even with good instruction and targeted supports. This requires more specialised and individualised planning and supports to maximise learning and wellbeing.  

The resources and links below are included to help you think about planning for: 

  • School and cluster wide practices

  • Curriculum design

  • Behaviour and wellbeing

  • Learner diversity

  • Other learning supports

School and cluster wide practices

Cultural diversity

This  Cultural Diversity Checklist is part of the Curriculum Online tools and resources about the Cultural Diversity Principle

The checklist can be used in a range of ways:

  • by the entire school community, including ākonga, whānau, and iwi to identify areas of strength and future actions

  • with teachers to generate discussion and classroom actions

  • by school leaders to inform planning within schools and across clusters

About Unteach Racism - Unteach Racism

Unteach Racism is an initiative by the Teaching Council to create conversations around racism in Aotearoa. It aims to support kaiako, in a staged approach, to identify, confront and dismantle racism in education. 

Positive Behaviour for Learning School Wide

The Positive Behaviour for Learning School-Wide framework, (PB4L School-Wide), is helping New Zealand schools build a culture where positive behaviour and learning is a way of life. The framework can be tailored to your school’s own environment and cultural needs.

This is an introductory video


Huakina Mai

Huakina Mai is a kaupapa Māori behaviour initiative that promotes whānau, schools and iwi working together to build a positive school culture, based on a Kaupapa Māori world view.

It reflects the core values:

  • Whanaungatanga - building and maintaining relationships
  • Kotahitanga - bonding as a unified team
  • Rangatiratanga - modelling culturally responsive pedagogy
  • Manaakitanga - creating a culture of care

Huakina Mai is focused on change at three levels within a school. These are leadership, governance and policy; whole school systems and climate; and classroom relationships and practice.